American Eskimo

Non-Sporting Group

American Eskimo dog smiling and lying down in grass

Height at Shoulders

Toy 9-12 in, Miniature 12-15 in, Standard 15-19 in

Weight

Toy 6-10 lbs, Miniature 10-20 lbs, Standard 25-35 lbs

Life Expectancy

13-15 yrs

History

The American Eskimo originated in the United States during the 1800's. Despite their name, eskimos had nothing to do with the development of the breed. Rather, it was German immigrants that can be thanked for the American Eskimo, as the breed's precursor, the German Spitz, was brought to the region by the Germans. During the 19th century, the German Spitz was a popular performance dog, traveling with circuses, wild west shows, and more. During World War I, the breed's name was changed to American Spitz to avoid any prejudice it might face with "German" in its name.

Breed Characteristics

While not all American Eskimos will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★☆

★★★★★

★★★★☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★★★★☆

★☆

★☆

★★

Intelligence

★★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★★☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★★★


Exercise Needs

★★★★☆


Energy Level


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★★

Common Traits

Affectionate, friendly, and very family-oriented

Make great watchdogs as they're generally suspicious of strangers

Curious, independent, great at problem solving, and considered one of the most intelligent dog breeds

Known to "talk", making noises that range from barks and howls to mumbles

Love to chew- it's best to provide them with lots of chew toys to avoid destroyed slippers