Belgian Malinois

Herding Group

Two Belgian Malinois dogs sitting in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

Females 22-24 in, Males 24-26 in

Weight

Females 40-60 lbs, Males 60-80 lbs

Life Expectancy

14-16 yrs

History

The Belgian Malinois originated around the city of Malines in northwest Belgium in the 1800's. It is one of four AKC-registered shepherd breeds from Belgium. While they were originally bred as shepherds, Malinois are versatile workers that have since been used for explosive and narcotic detection, tracking suspects for police apprehension, and search and rescue missions. They are currently used by the U.S. Secret Service to guard the White House grounds.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Belgian Malinois will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★☆☆

★★☆☆☆

★★★★★

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆☆

★☆

★☆

Intelligence

★★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★★★


Energy Level


Sensitivity

★★★★★


Noise Level

★☆☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★☆

Common Traits

Happy, lively, and goofy

Intelligent, quick learners who are eager to please

Very alert with a strong herding and protecting instinct

Affectionate and people-oriented- they are happiest when they can spend the majority of their time with family

Tend to be sensitive and don't respond well to harsh training or scolding