Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Toy Group

Three Cavalier King Charles Spaniels sitting in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

12-13 in

Weight

13-18 lbs

Life Expectancy

12-15 yrs

History

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel originated in Britain around the 17th century. Toy spaniels had been around since the Renaissance era, but the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was better established by King Charles I and his son Charles II. They both loved the black and tan variety of toy spaniel, which was eventually named after Charles II. During the Victorian era, breeders crossed toy spaniels with Asian toy breeds, producing the English Toy Spaniel. These dogs became so popular that the Charles toy spaniel almost became extinct. They were only revived after Roswell Eldridge, a wealthy American, offered to reward any British breeder who could reproduce “Blenheim Spaniels of the Old World type.”

Breed Characteristics

While not all Cavalier King Charles Spaniels will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★☆

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★☆☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

Intelligence

★★★★☆


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★★★


Exercise Needs

★★


Energy Level

★☆☆


Sensitivity

★★★★★


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★☆

Common Traits

Intelligent and very eager to please- quick to pick up on what you would like them to do 

Have a tail that is constantly wagging

Very people-oriented and don't like to be left alone for long

Have "soft" personalities and don't respond well to harsh scolding

Thrive on affection and known to be "velcro dogs", following you around the house constantly