Dachshund

Hound Group

Three Dachshunds in front of a white background

Height at Shoulders

Miniature 5-6 in, Standard 8-9 in

Weight

Miniature <11 lbs, Standard 16-32 lbs

Life Expectancy

12-16 yrs

History

The Dachshund originated in Germany about 600 years ago, bred to hunt badgers. Their long, short shape helped them maneuver around in badger dens, and their protruding, barrel-shaped chest supported the large lung capacity they needed for their job. There are three coat types for Dachshunds: short-coated, the original type; wire-coated, bred for brier-y landscapes; and the long-coated, bred for cold climates. Dachshunds also came in different sizes depending on their target game; larger Dachshunds used to be used to hunt wild boar in packs.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Dachshunds share the exact same personality and temperament, there are certain generalizations that can be made about the breed. In addition to genetics, a dog’s environment, training, socialization, and many other factors all contribute to their personality and behavior.

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★☆

★★★★☆

★☆☆☆☆

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆☆

★★★★☆

★★

★★

★☆

Intelligence

★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★


Energy Level

★☆☆


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★★


Prey Drive

★★


Shedding

★☆

Common Traits

Confident, lively, and playful

Highly intelligent independent thinkers that can be very stubborn

Love to bark, dig, and chase small animals

Known to bond strongly with a single person and be jealous for their affection

Personality depends a bit on coat type- wirehairs have terrier in them, so they tend to be mischievous while longhairs are calm and quiet, and smooths are somewhere in between

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