Dachshund

Hound Group

Three Dachshunds in front of a white background

Height at Shoulders

Miniature 5-6 in, Standard 8-9 in

Weight

Miniature <11 lbs, Standard 16-32 lbs

Life Expectancy

12-16 yrs

History

The Dachshund originated in Germany about 600 years ago, bred to hunt badgers. Their long, short shape helped them maneuver around in badger dens, and their protruding, barrel-shaped chest supported the large lung capacity they needed for their job. There are three coat types for Dachshunds: short-coated, the original type; wire-coated, bred for brier-y landscapes; and the long-coated, bred for cold climates. Dachshunds also came in different sizes depending on their target game; larger Dachshunds used to be used to hunt wild boar in packs.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Dachshunds will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★☆

★★★★☆

★☆☆☆☆

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆☆

★★★★☆

★★

★★

★☆

Intelligence

★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★


Energy Level

★☆☆


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★★


Prey Drive

★★


Shedding

★☆

Common Traits

Confident, lively, and playful

Highly intelligent independent thinkers that can be very stubborn

Love to bark, dig, and chase small animals

Known to bond strongly with a single person and be jealous for their affection

Personality depends a bit on coat type- wirehairs have terrier in them, so they tend to be mischievous while longhairs are calm and quiet, and smooths are somewhere in between