Dalmatian

Non-Sporting Group

Dalmatian lying down in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

19-24 in

Weight

45-70 lbs

Life Expectancy

11-13 yrs

History

The Dalmatian's origins are widely debated, with theorized homelands ranging from the British Isles to North Africa to Asia. What researchers do know is that they served as coach dogs, guarding the coaches and horses of the Romani people's caravans. The Dalmatian became popular amongst British nobles and in the 1800's, the dogs would often run with fire engines that were pulled by horses, hence the common association the breed has with firefighters.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Dalmatians will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★☆

★★★★★

★★★☆☆

★★★★☆

★★★★☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★★★★☆

★☆☆☆

★☆☆☆

★★

Intelligence

★★★★☆


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★☆☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★★☆


Exercise Needs

★★★★☆


Energy Level


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★☆☆


Prey Drive

★☆☆


Shedding

★★

Common Traits

Very alert and make great watchdogs

Love giving and getting attention and are eager to please

Seem to have endless energy- can be destructive if bored or if exercise needs aren't met

Need companionship and don't like to be left alone for long

Known to be headstrong and need consistent and firm training that uses positive reinforcement