English Cocker Spaniel

Sporting Group

Two English Cocker Spaniels in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

Females 15-16 in, Males 16-17 in

Weight

Females 26-32 lbs, Males 28-34 lbs

Life Expectancy

12-14 yrs

History

The English Cocker Spaniel originated in the United Kingdom during the 19th century. During this time, spaniels were divided by type, not breed, and it was common for a large springer spaniel and a small "cocking" spaniel to be born to the same litter. The smaller cocking spaniels were used to hunt Eurasian woodcock, hence the name. Spaniels were not separated by breed until the mid-19th century. The English Cocker Spaniel was eventually brought to the United States where it was bred to a slightly different standard, tailoring it to hunt American woodcock. This became the American Cocker Spaniel, where the UK breed is known as the English Cocker Spaniel.

Breed Characteristics

While not all English Cocker Spaniels will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★☆

 

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★★★★☆

★☆☆

Intelligence

★★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★★★


Exercise Needs

★★★★


Energy Level


Sensitivity


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive


Shedding

★☆

Common Traits

Intelligent, curious, and love to investigate and learn new things

Tend to be sensitive and will break down if scolded harshly

Very family-oriented and can become depressed and destructive if left alone for long

Make good watchdogs but are too friendly to be guard dogs

Can be stubborn- you will have to give them good motivation to obey you