Golden Retriever

Sporting Group

Golden Retriever with tongue out sitting in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

Females 21.5-22.5 in, Males 23-24 in

Weight

Females 55-65 lbs, Males 65-75 lbs

Life Expectancy

10-12 yrs

History

The Golden Retriever originated in the Scottish Highlands between 1840 and 1980. The breed was developed by Dudley Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, who sought a gundog that was suited for the rain and rugged terrain of the region his estate was in. He crossed a mystery yellow retriever with the now-extinct Tweed Water Spaniel and added Irish Setter and Bloodhound to perfect the breed. The Golden Retriever is now a very popular companion dog, ranking as number 3 out of 192 breeds according to the American Kennel Club.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Golden Retrievers will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★★★

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★★★★★

★☆

★☆

★★★★★

Intelligence

★★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★★★


Exercise Needs

★★★★★


Energy Level


Sensitivity

★★★★★


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★★★★★

Common Traits

Very adaptable, easy to train, and good-natured; there's a good reason they're the 3rd most popular dog breed in the United States!

Favorite activites include swimming and playing fetch

Loving, eager to please, and people-oriented, making friends with everyone they meet

Have a lot of energy and need lots of mental stimulation and exercise (preferable a job to perform)- bored Goldens can be naughty

Slow to mature and keep their puppy-like personality into old age