Leonberger

Working Group

Leonberger sitting in front of a white background

Height at Shoulders

Females 25.5-29.5 in, Males 28-31.5 in

Weight

Females 90-140 lbs, Males 110-170 lbs

Life Expectancy

8-9 yrs

History

The Leonberger originated in Leonberg, Germany during the 19th century. Heinrich Essig was a politician and entrepreneur who wanted to breed a dog that was fit for European royalty. Essig bred Saint Bernards with Newfoundlands and other large breeds to achieve his goal. He succeeded; Napoleon III, Tsar Alexander II, Empress Elisabeth of Austria, Otto Von Bismarck, Umberto I of Italy, and the Prince of Wales all took a liking to Leonbergers. Since their origin, Leonbergers have been employed as farm and pasture workers and as ammunition cart-pullers during both World Wars.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Leonbergers share the exact same personality and temperament, there are certain generalizations that can be made about the breed. In addition to genetics, a dog’s environment, training, socialization, and many other factors all contribute to their personality and behavior.

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★☆☆

★★★★★

★★☆☆☆

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆

★★★★☆

★☆

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★★

Intelligence

★★★☆☆


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★☆☆☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★☆☆


Energy Level

★☆


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★★

Common Traits

Very loving, friendly, playful, and sometimes mischievous

Can be a bit messy due to heavy shedding

Have a strong protective instinct and are self-disciplined with it as long as they're properly socialized and trained

Will take off after any small animal if not leashed

Sensitive and in-tune to emotions of family members- they have even been known to try to break up family arguments

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  • Excitability

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