Leonberger

Working Group

Leonberger sitting in front of a white background

Height at Shoulders

Females 25.5-29.5 in, Males 28-31.5 in

Weight

Females 90-140 lbs, Males 110-170 lbs

Life Expectancy

8-9 yrs

History

The Leonberger originated in Leonberg, Germany during the 19th century. Heinrich Essig was a politician and entrepreneur who wanted to breed a dog that was fit for European royalty. Essig bred Saint Bernards with Newfoundlands and other large breeds to achieve his goal. He succeeded; Napoleon III, Tsar Alexander II, Empress Elisabeth of Austria, Otto Von Bismarck, Umberto I of Italy, and the Prince of Wales all took a liking to Leonbergers. Since their origin, Leonbergers have been employed as farm and pasture workers and as ammunition cart-pullers during both World Wars.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Leonbergers will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★☆☆

★★★★★

★★☆☆☆

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆

★★★★☆

★☆

★☆

★★

Intelligence

★★★☆☆


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★☆☆☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★☆☆


Energy Level

★☆


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★★

Common Traits

Very loving, friendly, playful, and sometimes mischievous

Can be a bit messy due to heavy shedding

Have a strong protective instinct and are self-disciplined with it as long as they're properly socialized and trained

Will take off after any small animal if not leashed

Sensitive and in-tune to emotions of family members- they have even been known to try to break up family arguments