Newfoundland

Working Group

Two Newfoundland dogs lying down in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

Females ~26 in, Males ~28 in

Weight

Females 100-120 lbs, Males 130-150 lbs

Life Expectancy

9-10 yrs

History

The Newfoundland originated in the Dominion of Newfoundland, now part of Canada. By the time that the island was being colonized in 1610, the breed was already mostly established. Newfoundlands were bred to be multi-purpose working dogs; they would pull fishnets, haul carts, and were used for water rescue. The Newfoundland is closely related to other Canadian retrievers, such as the Labrador Retriever and Flat-coated Retriever, and was part of the foundation stock for the Leonberger.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Newfoundlands will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★☆

★★★★★

★★★★☆

★★★★☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆☆

★★★★☆

★☆

★☆

★★

Intelligence

★★★★☆


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★★☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★★☆


Exercise Needs

★★★☆☆


Energy Level

★☆☆


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★★

Common Traits

Very intelligent and are quick and eager learners

Have a very strong work ethic and are generally happiest when they have a job to perform

Make great "babysitters" as they are sweet, gentle, and very protective of children

Big-time droolers

Newfoundlands are known to be heroic and make excellent water rescue dogs