Pomeranian

Toy Group

Four Pomeranian dogs sitting in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

6-7 in

Weight

3-7 lbs

Life Expectancy

12-16 yrs

History

The Pomeranian originated in Pomerania, Germany hundreds of years ago. While documentation is not very clear, it is generally accepted that the Pomeranian was bred from the German Spitz. In 1967, Queen Charlotte brought 2 Pomeranians back to England, where Queen Victoria, Queen Charlotte’s granddaughter, established a breeding kennel. Eventually smaller individuals were selected for, downsizing the breed substantially to the size you see them today.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Pomeranians will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★☆

★★★★★

★★★☆☆

★★☆☆☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆☆

★★★★☆

★★

★☆☆

★☆

Intelligence

★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★


Energy Level

★☆☆


Sensitivity

★★★★☆


Noise Level

★★


Prey Drive

★☆☆


Shedding

★☆

Common Traits

Playful, lively, and extroverted

Independent, bold, and feisty- lots of personality in a small package 

Love to bark and are alert and territorial, making them great guard dogs

May try to assume alpha role in the house if not taught otherwise

Have a "big dog" attitude and might try to act tough around larger dogs