Pug

Toy Group

Two Pugs sitting against white background

Height at Shoulders

10-13 in

Weight

14-18 lbs

Life Expectancy

13-15 yrs

History

The Pug originated in China about 2,000 year ago. The breed was developed as a companion animal for the ruling families and members of the imperial court. While Pugs remained exclusively in the east for many centuries, only leaving the hands of nobles if they were given as gifts, they began to head west in the 16th century. They became popular in European courts and became the mascot of Holland's House of Orange when the Prince of Orange's Pug saved his life by alerting him of Spanish attackers. They eventually became popular across the world and were employed as companions, trackers in the military, and even as guard dogs.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Pugs will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★☆☆☆

★★★★★

★★★★☆

★★★★☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★★★☆☆

★★★☆☆

★☆

★★★☆☆

★★★

Intelligence

★★☆☆☆


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★★☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★★★☆


Exercise Needs

★★★☆☆


Energy Level

★☆☆


Sensitivity

★★★☆☆


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★★

Common Traits

  Playful, loving, charming, and mischievous

Can be stubborn and difficult to housetrain

Known for their snoring, snorting, and wheezing

Prone to overeating and may not be able to recognize when they have had enough

Very people-oriented and thrive on attention