Rottweiler

Working Group

Rottweiler dog lying in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

Females 22-25 in, Males 24-27 in

Weight

Females 80-100 lbs, Males 95-135 lbs

Life Expectancy

9-10 yrs

History

The Rottweiler descended from drover dogs of the Ancient Roman army, use to herd, drive, and guard livestock. Around 74 CE, the Roman army passed through what is now southern Germany. The Rottweiler was named after the trade center town of Rottweil, where they were used to to protect and drive livestock to market as well as by butchers to protect money pouches that would be tied around their necks. After the cattle car replaced the need for droving dogs in the 1800's, the Rottweiler found work in many other places, serving as police dogs, guide and service dogs, search-and-rescue dogs, and household guardians.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Rottweilers will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★★

★★★★★

★★★☆☆

★★☆☆☆

★★★☆☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆

★☆

★☆

★☆

★☆

Intelligence

★★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★★★☆☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★☆☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★☆☆


Energy Level

★☆


Sensitivity

★☆


Noise Level

★☆


Prey Drive

★☆


Shedding

★☆

Common Traits

Gentle, playful, and affectionate (especially females) 

Very protective and make great guard dogs- early socialization and consistent training is essential to prevent over-protectiveness

Highly intelligent and might take advantage of inconsistent training

Usually aloof with strangers and like to observe before deciding if they trust them or not