Xoloitzcuintli

Non-Sporting Group

Xoloitzcuintli dog lying down in front of white background

Height at Shoulders

18-23 in

Weight

30-55 lbs

Life Expectancy

13-18 yrs

History

The Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced "sho-lo-eetz-queent-lee") originated in Mexico at least 3,500 year ago and have been found in the tombs of Colima, Mayan, Toltec, Zapotec, and Aztec Native Americans. The Xolo was believed to be sacred with the abilities to guard houses against evil spirits and to heal with its warm body. The Aztecs believed the breed was created by the god Xolotl from the Bone of Life and gifted to man. If man protected the dogs, they would guide their caretaker in the afterlife through Mictlan, the world of Death, toward the Evening Star in the Heavens. The dogs were often sacrificed and buried alongside their caretakers so they could fulfill this duty.

Breed Characteristics

While not all Xoloitzcuintli will display the exact characteristics typical of the breed, most share a personality and temperament can be generalized by the characteristic rankings below. 

Intelligence

Affection Towards Family

Friendliness Towards Strangers

Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

Exercise Needs

★★★★★

★★★★★

★☆☆☆☆

★★☆☆☆

★★★★☆

Energy Level

Sensitivity

Noise Level

Prey Drive

Shedding

★☆☆

★★★★★

★★

★★

★☆☆☆

Intelligence

★★★★★


Affection Towards Family

★★★★★


Friendliness Towards Strangers

★☆☆☆☆


Friendliness Towards Other Dogs

★★☆☆☆


Exercise Needs

★★★★☆


Energy Level

★☆☆


Sensitivity

★★★★★


Noise Level

★★


Prey Drive

★★


Shedding

★☆☆☆

Common Traits

Affectionate with whole family but tend to bond especially close with one person

Have webbed feet

Known to be territorial with other animals and people

Highly intelligent and make great escape artists

Very primitive breed with a strong prey drive and protective nature